The role of science and technology on society essay

This perspective is the antithesis of P-IS, as capitalism is shaping information and knowledge and simultaneously information and knowledge are sustaining capitalism.

The role of science and technology on society essay

Scientists are primarily moved by curiosity, by the passionate desire to know how things happen in life and Nature and secondly, by the desire to use this knowledge for human welfare.

The role of science and technology on society essay

Nobody can deny that science has rendered invaluable service to mankind in various spheres. It is due to the discoveries of science that we have been able to find a cure for most diseases and prevent the outbreak of epidemics, thereby vastly increasing life expectancy.

The most valuable service which science has rendered to mankind is that it has given it supreme self confidence. It has given man the assurance that, instead of being a slave to his environment, he can control and modify it to suit his needs.

Before the scientific era, an agriculturalist eked out a precarious existence, his livelihood depending upon the vagaries of the weather.

Insect pests, locusts, drought devastated his fields. Population control would still be needed if food production is to keep pace with the growth in numbers, but the spectacular progress which scientific cultivation has made possible in the field of agriculture has belied all Malthusian fears.

Progress in the industrial field has been even more spectacular, thanks to the application of science to industry.

The world, particularly the developed part of it, now enjoys a standard of living which in The role of science and technology on society essay ages was not even enjoyed by the wealthier classes.

The higher standards of living have made it possible for the governments to provide the social services on a liberal scale.

The machine has not only relieved man of heavy burdensome tasks, but has also provided him with ample leisure in which he can engage himself in cultural pursuits, cultivate various kinds of hobbies and travel. It is through science that he has been able to invent new sources of entertainment and education, such as cinema, radio and television.

The enormous popularity of these sources of entertainment proves how useful they are to mankind. Before the invention of the printing press, education was confined to a small section of the community and was of a predominantly religious character.

Democracy would have been impossible without the printing press. The modern media of mass communication are another fruitful source of education. Many civilisations in the past perished because the people recklessly exploited natural resources, exhausted the soil and turned the land into a desert.

Impelled by the profit-motive, nations are still recklessly exploiting world resources without giving any serious thought to what would happen a few hundred years hence. When we know that man has to live on this planet for millions of years, this policy of exploiting natural resources and not judiciously conserving them is, to put it mildly, extremely short-sighted.

The same short-sightedness is being displayed over population growth. Science has rendered great service to humanity by finding a cure for most diseases, by preventing the outbreak of epidemics which formerly used to kill millions of persons, and by curtailing the death rate in other ways.

But unless men learn to curtail the birth rate as well, we will, before long, be faced with a population explosion. Science has not proved that Malthus was wrong. It has only proved that for some time natural restraints on population in the form of wars, pestilences and famines can be held back.

This planet can be made a decent place to live in only if man is wise. Science gives knowledge and power, but not necessarily wisdom. The most effective way of preventing abuse of science and technology is to keep political power under control. It can mould the mind of the masses far more effectively than ever before.

In earlier times, there were, to be sure, empires, but these empires disintegrated as soon as they became very big in size, because, for want of rapid means of communication, the distant parts could not be kept under control and rebellions could not be promptly dealt with.

Now, the people are living in big communities and we have not only national but also multi-national States. Economically also, we have organised ourselves on a big scale.

We have, instead of small farms, giant collective and co-operative farms, as well as huge personal estates. Workers are organized in huge trade unions with a membership running into millions. We now have factories employing lakhs of workers, industrial combines and trusts with incomes larger than the revenues of many States, big cooperative stores and stores owned and managed by private entrepreneurs, nation-wide political parties and parties of an international character.

Though giganticism seems inevitable, it poses a number of problems. The State ought to see that these forces do not harm its citizens. While science and technology make for centralisation of economic and political activity, we can, in several ways, decentralise political and economic authority.

We can create a rule of law which compels all organisations to submit their disputes to negotiation, mediation and arbitration, rather than settle them by strikes which paralyse national life and put the community to great inconvenience.

We have the family, the church, the social club, the local sports associations, cultural bodies and other face-to-face organisations to counteract the effect of depersonalisation of modern life. The fact is that, while science provides knowledge and power and affects life at several points, its use is determined by our culture and by our wisdom.

Science has made a most valuable contribution to the acquisition of knowledge and the development of a rational outlook on life. Not long ago, the masses were sunk in superstition.Science, Technology and Society Science, technology and society (STS) is the study of how social, political, and cultural values affect scientific research and technological innovation, and how these, in turn, affect society, politics and culture.

The intellectual and cultural battles now raging over theism and atheism, conservatism and secular progressivism, dualism and monism, realism and antirealism, and transcendent reality versus material reality extend even into the scientific disciplines.

Technology and Society 1 - Atomic Rockets

A Selection Of 22 Good Argumentative Essay Topics On Technology. A good argumentative essay should be able to present the writer’s views with facts, numbers, proof and reason backing it up. The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay.

Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.

Friday essay: science fiction's women problem Development at any phase is always linked with technology and technology happens when there is advancement in science. Hence science, technology and development are all proportional to each other.
Hard science in science fiction In short, a good argumentative essay opens up a dialogue about different questions regarding society, ethics, medicine, and even technology. Below are 22 topics that allow an exchange of views and sentiments among peers.
A Guide to Isaac Asimov's Essays Indeed, Dahrendorf leaves unclear exactly what Weber's view of objectivity was. More specifically, Dahrendorf does not venture to lay out a detailed explanation of whether Weber believed that the social scientist could eliminate the influence of values from the analysis of facts.
Science, Society and Creativity at Middlesex University Pre-historical[ edit ] The importance of stone toolscirca 2. Primatologist, Richard Wranghamtheorizes that the control of fire by early humans and the associated development of cooking was the spark that radically changed human evolution.

The signs of the gap—really, a chasm—between the poor and the super-rich are hard to miss in Silicon Valley. On a bustling morning in downtown Palo Alto, the center of today’s technology.

FAITH | LEARNING | COMMUNITY. In the way of Jesus, St Joseph’s Catholic High School aspires to respect and celebrate the dignity of all. Inspired by the life of St Joseph, the school promotes a culture of faith, justice and service.

Daniel Bell Post Industrial Society