Simply put, it means rain that is acidic in nature due to the presence of certain pollutants in the air due to cars and industrial processes.
Acid Rain What is Acid Rain?
Acid Rain as the name suggests can be said to be the precipitation of acid in the form of rain in the simplest manner. What Causes Acid Rain? The causes of acid rain are the Sulfur and Nitrogen particles which get mixed with the wet components of rain.
Sulfur and Nitrogen particles which get mixed with water are found in two ways either man-made i. The regular clean rain we experience, even though it is not clean i. The reaction occurring is: The oxides of nitrogen and sulphur are blown away by the wind along with the dust particles. Acid rain is essentially a byproduct of human activities which emit oxides of nitrogen and sulphur in the atmosphere.
Example — burning of fossil fuels, unethical waste emission disposal techniques. Formation of Acid Rain Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide undergo oxidation and then they react with water resulting in the formation of sulphuric acid and nitric acid respectively.
The following reaction will clarify the acid formation reaction: It washes away all nutrients which are required for the growth and survival of plants. The effect of Acid Rain on a forest It causes respiratory issues in animals and humans.
When acid rain falls down and flows into the rivers and ponds it affects the aquatic ecosystem. As it alters the chemical composition of the water, to a form which is actually harmful to the aquatic ecosystem to survive and causes water pollution.
Acid rain also causes the corrosion of water pipes. Which further results in leaching of heavy metals such as iron, lead and copper into drinking water. It damages the buildings and monuments made up of stones and metals.
A statue which has been withered away due to Acid Rain Real life examples: Taj Mahal, one of the 7 wonders of the world, is largely affected by acid rain. The city of Agra has many industries which emit the oxides of sulphur and nitrogen in the atmosphere.
People continue to use low-quality coal and firewood as domestic fuel, adding to this problem. Acid rain has the following reaction with the marble calcium carbonate: The only precaution that we can take against acid rain is having a check at the emission of oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.
We have so far seen the details of acid rain and its harmful effect on animals, plants and the monuments. Being responsible citizens, one should be aware of the harmful effects they cause and of the industries which give out nitrogen and sulphur compound wastes unethically.
For any query or doubt on these topics like acids and bases and more, please call the mentor support team at byjus.Effects of acid rain: Acid rain is very harmful to agriculture, plants, and animals.
It washes away all nutrients which are required for the growth and survival of plants.
Acid rain affects agriculture by the way how it alters the composition of the soil. Effects of Acid Rain After studying the Hubbard Brook Forest and other areas, researchers found several important effects of acid deposition on both natural and man-made environments.
Aquatic settings are the most clearly affected by acid deposition, though, because acidic precipitation falls directly into them. Causes, effects and solutions of acid rain: Acid rain refers to a mixture of deposited material, both wet and dry, coming from the atmosphere containing more than normal amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids.
Causes of Acid Rain. The causes of acid rain can be both natural and man-made. Both volcanoes and decaying vegetation release gases that result in the formation of acid rain.
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